The Purpose Of Government
As some people drift further and further into immoral behavior they are more and more willing to use force and violence against others to achieve their own ends. The Apostle Paul captured its purpose best when he wrote that the God-given aim of government is to punish wrongdoers. Weaker people might band together and take away the rights of the stronger and smarter people.
For the Founders, a government’s legitimacy depended on its willingness to protect and secure these natural rights. If a government was willing to protect and secure the rights of its citizens, that government was legitimate. Their own experience with Great Britain was burning within them. They looked upon Britain as treading on their God-given rights. Therefore, it was not legitimate and they had the right and duty to throw it off and establish a legitimate government. While all governments enact laws, a democracy embraces the principle of the rule of law, which ensures that both the government and the people operate under the same set of laws, which both protect and limit them.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Finally, Black’s Law Dictionary mentions that institutions of the government ‘regulate the relationships among members of a society and between the society and outsiders’ and that they ‘have the authority to make decisions for the society’ to meet goals and maintain order. She has taught college English and religious education classes and currently works as a freelance writer. Teachers understand what’s needed to properly teach content in the classroom better than anyone else.
Police departments, libraries, and schools—not to mention driver’s licenses and parking tickets—usually fall under the oversight of State and local governments. Each state has its own written constitution, and these documents are often far more elaborate than their Federal counterpart. The Alabama Constitution, for example, contains 310,296 words—more than 40 times as many as the U.S. Powers not granted to the Federal government are reserved for States and the people, which are divided between State and local governments. Our Government exercises its authority directly by regulating, legislating, and issuing executive orders and court orders.
Interestingly, despite this commitment, the Framers of the Constitution saw no need to provide a detailed statement of rights in the Constitution they drafted. In part, this is because they thought the structure of government they were creating would ensure liberty. Also, they were afraid that enumerating some rights inherently would be taken to deny the existence of other rights that were not mentioned. They wanted liberty to be broadly protected and not confined to specific aspects of freedom mentioned in the text of the Constitution. The stated goal is to create a government that will meet the needs of the people.
The second part, the seven Articles, establishes how the Government is structured and how the Constitution can be changed. The third part, the Amendments, lists changes to the Constitution; the first 10 are called the Bill of Rights. The Preamble to the Constitution has been largely ignored by lawyers and courts through American history. Rarely has a Supreme Court decision relied on it, even as a guide in interpreting the Constitution. Regardless of its origins in practical considerations or as a matter of “style,” the language actually chosen has important substantive consequences. “We the People of the United States” strongly supports the idea that the Constitution is one for a unified nation, rather than a treaty of separate sovereign states.
It is the provision that declares the enactment of “this Constitution” by “We the People of the United States.” That declaration has important consequences for constitutional interpretation. While the Preamble does not itself confer powers and rights, it has significant implications both for how the Constitution is to be interpreted and applied and who has the power of constitutional interpretation—the two biggest overall questions of Constitutional Law. The invention of agriculture during the Neolithic revolution brought on a new age of living. Around 9000BC in the Middle East, some of our early ancestors began trying to grow wild grasses to supplement existing food sources. This was applied to other kinds of crops and eventually animals that were domesticated and selectively-bred to aid human survival. Once humans began to settle down and to transition into living in small agricultural societies such as those in Jericho and Çatal Hüyük, they needed to establish systems and codes of conduct to organize and to govern.