State And Local Government
As some people drift further and further into immoral behavior they are more and more willing to use force and violence against others to achieve their own ends. The Apostle Paul captured its purpose best when he wrote that the God-given aim of government is to punish wrongdoers. Weaker people might band together and take away the rights of the stronger and smarter people.
The second part, the seven Articles, establishes how the Government is structured and how the Constitution can be changed. The third part, the Amendments, lists changes to the Constitution; the first 10 are called the Bill of Rights. The Preamble to the Constitution has been largely ignored by lawyers and courts through American history. Rarely has a Supreme Court decision relied on it, even as a guide in interpreting the Constitution. Regardless of its origins in practical considerations or as a matter of “style,” the language actually chosen has important substantive consequences. “We the People of the United States” strongly supports the idea that the Constitution is one for a unified nation, rather than a treaty of separate sovereign states.
Interestingly, despite this commitment, the Framers of the Constitution saw no need to provide a detailed statement of rights in the Constitution they drafted. In part, this is because they thought the structure of government they were creating would ensure liberty. Also, they were afraid that enumerating some rights inherently would be taken to deny the existence of other rights that were not mentioned. They wanted liberty to be broadly protected and not confined to specific aspects of freedom mentioned in the text of the Constitution. The stated goal is to create a government that will meet the needs of the people.
This archaeological site shows the remains of a Bouleuterion in Ancient Greece, a political gathering place similar to modern Parliament or Congress . Figure 3The Leviathan was a governing body by the people and for the people. The earliest governments ranged from monarchies to oligarchies to democracies. What deviated Ancient Greece from prior civilizations was the breadth of political philosophy and the strong definition developed behind their laws, ethics, and systems.
The Center has reached more than 30 million students and their teachers since 1965. Think what your classroom might be like if there were no rules. Think what might happen if the teacher didn’t have the right to tell anyone what to do. Many Americans had read Locke’s book, and they agreed with what it said about government.
The new liberals continue to accept the progressive view that government is historically relative. Human beings have no fixed nature that can guide human life. For the Founding Fathers, the purpose of government is rooted in an understanding of permanent and just government.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Finally, Black’s Law Dictionary mentions that institutions of the government ‘regulate the relationships among members of a society and between the society and outsiders’ and that they ‘have the authority to make decisions for the society’ to meet goals and maintain order. She has taught college English and religious education classes and currently works as a freelance writer. Teachers understand what’s needed to properly teach content in the classroom better than anyone else.
For the Founders, a government’s legitimacy depended on its willingness to protect and secure these natural rights. If a government was willing to protect and secure the rights of its citizens, that government was legitimate. Their own experience with Great Britain was burning within them. They looked upon Britain as treading on their God-given rights. Therefore, it was not legitimate and they had the right and duty to throw it off and establish a legitimate government. While all governments enact laws, a democracy embraces the principle of the rule of law, which ensures that both the government and the people operate under the same set of laws, which both protect and limit them.